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Full text of "Mathematical And Physical Papers - Iii"

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Green Fluor-Spar from Alston Moor.
32.   It is well known that some specimens of fluor-spar exhibit a sort of double colour.    In particular, a variety found at Alston Moor, which is green when seen by transmitted light, appears when viewed in a certain manner of a beautiful deep blue.    This blue colour seems to have been considered by Sir John Herschel as merely superficial.    It has been shown however by Sir David Brewster to arise from light dispersed in the interior of the crystal, and to have no particular relation to the surface.
The crystal with which the following observations were made was of a fine but not intense green when viewed by transmitted light.    On viewing a pure spectrum through it, there was found iu                        to be a dark band of absorption in the red.   This band was narrow,
'*                           and by no means intense.    The crystal exhibited a copious deep
blue by dispersive reflexion.
33.    On admitting into the crystal a cone of sunlight formed by a lens of short focus, and then analysing the dispersed beam, it was found to consist of a very little red followed by a dark interval, then  green, faintly fringed below with less refrangible colours down perhaps to the orange, then blue, or bluish-green, followed by a great deal of indigo or violet.    Independently of the gap in the red, the spectrum was not quite continuous, for a band of bluish-green, not very broad, was separated by dusky bands from the green below and the indigo above.    The separate red band and the two dusky bands were all so faint as to be difficult to see.
The dispersed beam was readily proved to be truly dispersed, for it was unpolarized, and a pale brown glass cut it off when placed in the first position, although it transmitted it in a great measure when placed in the second.
34.    When the crystal was examined by the third method, the general result closely resembled that produced by sulphate of quinine.    The dispersion commenced about half-way between G and H, and continued from thence onwards far beyond H.    It was strongest about H.    The fixed lines were  seen   with  beautiful distinctness as dark planes in the crystal.    The groups Hy I, m were quite evident, and n might be seen without difficulty.   I have